Policy Interventions to Address Health Impacts Associated with Air Pollution, Unsafe Water Supply and Sanitation, and Hazardous Chemicals

Reviews the recent empirical literature relating to the quantification and valuation of the human health impacts of air pollution, hazardous chemicals, and unsafe water and sanitation, and their use in cost-benefit analysis, as an input to environmental policy decision-making in OECD countries.

Strategies to Adapt to an Uncertain Climate Change

Paper calls for the development of innovative adaptation strategies able to cope with the uncertainty on future climates, and for more involvement of climate information end-users.

Climate-Smart Agriculture: Smallholder Adoption and Implications for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

Paper provides a brief review of the adaptation and mitigation benefits from various practices, and then focus in detail on empirical evidence concerning costs and barriers to adoption, both from household and project-level data.

The Costs of Adaptation

Opinion paper which reviews the existing literature on adaptation costs.

Guiding climate compatible development: User-orientated analysis of planning tools and methodologies

Report provides an overview of the tools and methodologies available to plan adaptation, mitigation and development, and to guide decision makers towards climate compatible development pathways.

A General, Analytic Method for Generating Robust Strategies and Narrative Scenarios

Describes a general method for finding robust strategies using the information contained in computer simulations and data.

Valuing Climate Change Impacts on Human Health: Empirical Evidence from the Literature.

This paper critically reviews a number of studies about the costs of planned adaptation in the health context, and compares current health expenditures with MDGs which are felt to be inadequate when considering climate change impacts.

Potential costs and benefits of adaptation options: A review of existing literature

Critique of UNFCCC (2007) and comment on global adaptation financing needs for 2030 in developing countries. Concludes the costs of adapting to climate change have been significantly under-estimated.

Assessing the Costs of Adaptation to Climate Change: A Review of the UNFCCC and Other Recent Estimates.

Critique of UNFCCC (2007) and comment on global adaptation financing needs for 2030 in developing countries. Concludes the costs of adapting to climate change have been significantly under-estimated. Discussion of previous health costs Content: 1. The range of global estimates 2. Costs of adaptation in agriculture, forestry and fisheries 3. Costs of adaptation in the water sector 4. Adaptation costs for human health 5. Adaptation costs for coasts and low-lying settlements 6. The costs of adapting infrastructure to climate change 7. Costing adaptation for natural ecosystems 8.

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