Costing Adaptation: Preparing for climate change in India

It discusses the various salient points on the costs of adaptation, with specific reference to India. It looks at the key areas of health, coastal zones, water, agriculture, forests, and ecosystems, and evaluates the feasible measures needed to reduce the negative impacts of climate change.

Adaptation to Climate Change in Mountain Forest Ecosystems of Armenia

The three main outcomes of the project are: (1) The enabling environment for integrating climate change risks into management of forest ecosystems is in place; (2) Forest and protected area management in the Syunik region integrates pilot adaptation measures to enhance adaptive capacity of mountain forest ecosystems; (3) Capacities for adaptive management, monitoring and evaluation, learning, and replication of project lessons are developed. Lessons from the project are expected to be replicated in other mountain forest ecosystems of central and northern Armenia.

Adaptability and adaptations of California’s water supply system to dry climate warming

The paper examines the economical mix of adaptation, technologies, policies, and operational changes available to keep water supply impacts to such modest levels

Adaptation options in water supply

The objective of this report is estimate the influences of climate and socio-economic changes by 2030 on the water supply production facilities of individual nations assuming reasonable measures are taken by them to respond to or adapt to these driving forces. The costs of the adaptation measures are also calculated. Production facilities include reservoir storage, wells, reclaimed municipal and industrial wastewater, and desalination. The analysis was done for two climate change scenarios; one favoring greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation and the other favoring continued growth in emissions.

Adapting Infrastructure to Climate Change in Canada's Cities and Communities

The Research and Analysis Division of INFC prepared this report, Adapting Canada’s Infrastructure to Climate Change, to provide an overview of literature related to climate change adaptation and infrastructure in Canada. In addition to providing such an overview, the report’s objectives also include: improving knowledge and understanding around climate change adaptations for infrastructure in Canadian cities and communities and presenting key research findings.

Ecosystem services case studies

The two case studies in this report, one undertaken at catchment scale and the other at site scale, provide learni ng for the Environment Agency about the applicability of an ecosystems approach to its policies and other activities.

Cost-Benefit Analysis in World Bank Projects

This report takes stock of what has happened to cost-benefit analysis at the Bank, based on analysis of four decades of project data, project appraisal documents and Implementation Completion and Results Reports from recent fiscal years, and interviews with current staff at the Bank.

Coastal Forest Buffer Zones and Shoreline Change in Zanzibar, Tanzania: Practical Measures for Climate Adaptation?

This research looks at environmental change, both past and current, on the east coast of Zanzibar, Tanzania in terms of the implications of sea level rise, extreme storms and the current vulnerability of coastal settlements.

Practical measures to tackle climate change: coastal forest buffer zones and shoreline change in Zanzibar, Tanzania

The purpose of this research is to establish sufficient knowledge of the coastal changes in Kiwengwa, Matemwe and Pwani Mchangani shehias in Zanzibar to motivate the stakeholders to take action. This is achieved by analysing the changes over the past 50 years, by interviewing the stakeholders and by initiating a participatory process to analyse the situation and to plan practical actions to mitigate the unwanted effects of the change.

Adaptation of coastal communities in the cross-pressure of tourism and environmental change in Zanzibar, Tanzania

This article examines adaptation measures within the context of multiple stakeholder cooperation in the east coast of Zanzibar, Tanzania. The article is based on research conducted within the project “Practical measures to tackle climate change: coastal forest buffer zones and shoreline change in Zanzibar, Tanzania”.