Arguments for Protection: Natural Security: Protected areas and hazard mitigation.

This is the fifth volume in the WWF series of reports developed as part of the Arguments for Protection project which is assembling evidence on the social and economic benefits of protected areas to widen and strengthen support for park creation and management.

Background Paper on the Benefits and Costs of Early Warning Systems for Major Natural Hazards

This paper surveys the benefits and costs of early warning systems (EWS) for natural hazards, and discusses issues associated with the design and implementation of early warning systems to achieve these EWS benefits

The Costs of Adaptation to Climate Change in Canada: A Stratified Estimate by Sectors and Regions. Social Infrastructure.

The fundamental objective of this report was to collect the micro-level data in order to be able to estimate the costs of adaptation to climate change. For this purpose, a data collection protocol was established. On the basis of this protocol, questionnaires were sent out to determine climate impacts, current expenditures (both capital and operating), and other technical factors relevant to social infrastructure.

The Impact of Climate Change on Energy Expenditures in California

In this appendix, we use a national cross-sectional analysis and detailed data from California to examine the sensitivity of energy expenditures to climate change in the state. The analysis begins with a logit regression that explains the probability that a building will be cooled. Long- and short-run cross-sectional approaches are then explored to estimate the sensitivity of energy expenditures and buildings to changes in climate.

Managing uncertainty: An economic evaluation of community-based adaptation in Dakoro, Niger

In this research, we use a SCBA approach to appraise and evaluate CARE International’s Adaptation Learning Programme (ALP) in Niger.

Counting on uncertainty: The economic case for community based adaptation in North-East Kenya

This research aims to fill this gap: within the framework of the Adaptation Learning Program (ALP), we seek to assess whether investing in community based adaptation is economically efficient and effective holding all else, i.e. future regional or national scale transformations, equal.

Estimating future costs for Alaska public infrastructure at risk from climate change

This analysis reports on the projected cost of Alaska’s public infrastructure at risk from rapid climate change. Specifically, we coupled projections of future climate with engineering rules of thumb to estimate how thawing permafrost, increased flooding, and increased coastal erosion affect annualized replacement costs for nearly 16,000 structures.

Evaluation of the Impact of Floods and Associated Protection Policies

Aim of the project is: identifiy and quantify damage of floods, evaluate and compare preventive and curative measures, characterise costs and benefits associated to policy options.

Web-based decision support to set up cost effective programs of measures for multiple water aspects

The Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires Member States to ensure that all waters meet ‘good status’ and to publish river basin management plans that include programs of cost-effective measures. VITO supported the policy makers in Flanders (Belgium) with the preparation of the first generation of river basin management plans and more specifically with the assessment of the costs and effects of programs of measures. The environmental costing model was used to select cost effective measures to improve surface water quality.

Capacity Building in Analytical Tools for Estimating and Comparing Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Projects

The broad objective of AIACC project 47 was to develop the capacity to estimate and compare the benefits and costs of projects in natural resource sectors that reduce the expected damages from climate change in Southern and West Africa. There are two parts to this project. The first consists of using well-established principles from economic benefit-cost analysis to develop a framework to estimate the economic benefits and costs associated with the expected climate change damages avoided by a development project that does not take climate change into account.