Applying cost benefit analysis at a community level. ANNEX B: Applying cost benefit analysis.

The aim of this report is to present a high-level review of recent studies that have field-tested CBA either to inform or evaluate community-based climate and disaster risk management ini-tiatives. This report updates a synthesis report (that was written in 2010 and included 11 original studies) and involved a desk-based review of a total of 23 studies. Annex B describes the three approaches possible for CBAs.

Applying cost benefit analysis at a community level. ANNEX A: Case studies: Cost benefit analysis of community-based disaster/climate risk management.

The aim of this report is to present a high-level review of recent studies that have field-tested CBA either to inform or evaluate community-based climate and disaster risk management ini-tiatives. This report updates a synthesis report (that was written in 2010 and included 11 original studies) and involved a desk-based review of a total of 23 studies. A synopsis of each study is provided in Annex A of this report.

Applying cost benefit analysis at a community level. A review of its use for community based climate and disaster risk management

The aim of this report is to present a high-level review of recent studies that have field-tested CBA either to inform or evaluate community-based climate and disaster risk management ini-tiatives. This report updates a synthesis report (that was written in 2010 and included 11 original studies) and involved a desk-based review of a total of 23 studies.

The Value of Coastal Wetlands for Hurricane Protection

The papers describes the interlinkage between damage costs by hurricanes in the US and loss of weatland.

A Practical Framework for Planning Pro-Development Climate Policy

MCA4climate is a major new UNEP initiative providing practical assistance to governments in preparing their climate change mitigation and adaptation plans and strategies. It aims to help governments, particularly in developing countries, identify policies and measures that are low cost, environmentally effective and consistent with national development goals. It does this by providing a structured approach to assessing and prioritizing climate-policy options, while taking into consideration associated social, economic, environmental and institutional costs and benefits.

From Risk to Resilience: Working Paper 5: Uttar Pradesh Drought Cost-Benefit Analysis, India

The case study presented here analyzes the costs and benefits of alternative strategies for mitigating the impact of drought on rural livelihoods in Uttar Pradesh, India. The case study explores both insurance mechanisms for spreading drought risk and, as an alternative, the development of groundwater irrigation for eliminating such risk.

Costs and Benefits of Disaster Risk Reduction

The ISDR secretariat commissioned three papers to guide discussions at the High Level Dialogue of the first session of the Global Platform for Disaster risk Reduction. The authors of the notes were requested to introduce the topics briefly, to provide some excerpts of cases studies, with figures, as well as highlighting some pressure points that could be addressed by the ISDR system.

Impacts of CGIAR Crop Improvement and Natural Resource Management Research: A Review of Evidence

This paper has examined the trends in funding and impacts of CGIAR research with a focus on distribution of economic benefits and sustainability of natural resources. The evidence has clearly shown that the impacts in terms of agricultural growth, poverty reduction and environmental protection continue to be impressive.

The effect of irrigiation technology on groundwater use

This article is a summary of ongoing work (Pfeiffer, 2009) where we take advantage of detailed data on groundwater extraction for irrigated agriculture in western Kansas (WIMAS) to build upon these studies. A large-scale shift from standard center pivot irrigation systems to “dropped nozzle” or “low energy precision application (LEPA)” center pivot irrigation systems has occurred in western Kansas in recent years.

The Role of Environmental Management and eco-engineering in Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation

This report by ProAct Network and Gaia Group reviews a growing body of evidence that sound environmental management has a potentially important role to play in reducing many of the risks posed by natural hazards. Many ecosystems – if they are intact and/or well managed – act as natural, dynamic barriers that absorb the force of certain hazards, protect vulnerable communities and their assets while at the same time preserve local biodiversity and encourage ecological productivity. Natural ecosystems thus play an important protective and productive role in many instances.

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