Adaptation and mitigation in long-term climate policies

The paper analytically explores the optimal policy mix between mitigation and environmental adaptation against climate change at a macroeconomic level. It focuses on a long-term dynamic analysis of a model with accumulation in physical capital, greenhouse gases, and adaptation capital.

Coastal Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability: A Technical Input to the 2012 National Climate Assessment

This report, one of a series of technical inputs for the third NCA conducted under the auspices of the U.S. Global Change Research Program, examines the known effects and relationships of climate change variables on the coasts of the U.S. It describes the impacts on natural and human systems, including several major sectors of the U.S. economy, and the progress and challenges to planning and implementing adaptation options.

Considerations in Evaluating the Cost-Effectiveness of Environmental Health Interventions

This document has been developed with the aim to provide an overview of currently used methods for economic evaluation and to discuss implications of using these methods for evaluating environmental health interventions. It aims at formulating recommendations for future evaluations in environmental health. The document is intended to contribute to the methodological discussions, and in particular the development of guidelines for evaluation of cost-effectiveness in the framework of WHO’s initiatives, and other ongoing work in this area.

The Cost of Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa

This paper provides a synopsis of the potential impacts of climate change on Africa and draws out implications for the resources the Continent may require to enable it to adapt to climate change. Its intention is to assist African negotiators and policy-makers in understanding the latest research on these topics to inform their discussions and negotiations at national, regional and international fora.

Climate Change and Health:Impacts, Costs and Adaptation strategies.

Every age has had to face its own particular public health challenges, and climate change is without doubt the challenge of our age. From heat-waves, floods and droughts to worsening air pollution and changes in vectorborne disease and plant distribution, climate change profoundly affects health, directly and indirectly. The projected health and economic burden of climate -related events will be enormous if global warming continues unchecked and communities are not prepared. Public health preparedness can substantially reduce climate-related health costs.

Estimated global resources needed to attain international malaria control goals

To provide the international community with an estimate of the amount of financial resources needed to scale up malaria control to reach international goals, including allocations by country, year and intervention as well as an indication of the current funding gap.

Evaluation of the Costs and Benefits of Water and Sanitation Improvements at the Global Level

The aim of this study was to estimate the economic costs and benefits of a range of selected interventions to improve water and sanitation services, with results presented for 17 WHO sub-regions and at the global level.

The economics of health and climate change: Key evidence for decision making

Eighteen available economic studies are presented under three categories of economic evidence: health damage cost, health adaptation cost and health economic evaluation.

The Economic Cost of Climate Change in Africa

It aims to document and analyse the economic costs of climate change in Africa. It also seeks to contribute to a more detailed understanding of the costs involved for Africa in mitigating and adapting to climate change.

National systems for managing the risks from climate extremes and disasters

This chapter assesses how countries are managing current and projected disaster risks, given knowledge of how risks are changing with observations and projections of weather and climate extremes, vulnerability and exposure, and impacts. It focuses on the design of national systems for managing such risks, the roles played by actors involved in the system, and the functions they perform, acknowledging that complementary actionsto manage risks are also taken at local and international level.