Assessing the Costs of Adaptation to Climate Change: A Review of the UNFCCC and Other Recent Estimates.

Critique of UNFCCC (2007) and comment on global adaptation financing needs for 2030 in developing countries. Concludes the costs of adapting to climate change have been significantly under-estimated. Discussion of previous health costs Content: 1. The range of global estimates 2. Costs of adaptation in agriculture, forestry and fisheries 3. Costs of adaptation in the water sector 4. Adaptation costs for human health 5. Adaptation costs for coasts and low-lying settlements 6. The costs of adapting infrastructure to climate change 7. Costing adaptation for natural ecosystems 8.

Investment and financial flows to address Climate Change

Discussion on financing from investment and financial needs for enhancing funding for mitigation, adaptation and technology cooperation. Sectoral estimates of adaptation costs by region and globally for 2030.

Handbook on Methods for Climate Change Impact Assessment and Adaptation Strategies

This handbook is designed to provide newcomers to the field of climate impact and adaptation assessment with a guide to available research methods, particularly for answering the first question. The handbook will also serve as a ready reference for many others currently engaged in impacts and adaptation research.

Risk and economic damage assessment for 2025 and 2100, with and without adaptation

In this report, concepts of methodology are outlined and projections of extreme events and their impacts, risks and damages, are presented, without consideration of adaptation and with consideration of adaptation. A review of impacts (especially related to floods, droughts and heat waves in agriculture, forest fires and windfalls), offered in the present report, has particular reference to the time horizon of 2020s and to the end of the 21st century.

Strategic Assessment of the Impacts, Damage Costs, and Adaptation Costs of Climate Change in Europe

The ADAM work under this Deliverable is divided into two components: • a brief survey (Section 2) of these new studies, identifying their key messages, the methodological approaches adopted, and possible reasons for divergence in method and message; • a more detailed piece of primary research (Section 3) which makes an exploratory attempt to develop an alternative method to those most commonly used in developing cost estimates. This research does not deliver a new calculation of the assessment of damages of future climate change.

Total Costs and Budgetary Effects of Adaptation to Climate Change: An Assessment for the European Union

This paper focuses on the fiscal effects of adaptation to climate change. Beside adaptation induced effects, climate change has other fiscal implications, like public spending fo mitigation efforts, the implementation and use of fiscal instruments in climate policy, or reduced tax revenue due to productivity losses in the economy.

Climate change: the cost of inaction and the cost of adaption

To allow a fully informed debate on adaptation, there is a need to consider the economic aspects of adaptation.

KLARA – Klimawandel – Auswirkungen, Risiken, Anpassung. (KLARA - Climate Change - Impacts, Risks, Adaptation)

The regional study KLARA, an acronym for ‘Climate change - impacts, risks, Adaptation’, presents results of investigations on different areas of potential vulnerability for the German federal state of Baden-Württemberg. An essential objective of the study is the identification of impact-reducing measures of adaptation in the areas considered.

Lyme borreliosis in Europe: influences of climate and climate change, epidemiology, ecology and adaptation measures

This document presents the results of an extensive literature review on Lyme borreliosis (LB) combined with input from leading experts in this field. In the cCASHh project several health impact assessments, adaptation assessments, cost–benefit analysis and integrated assessment modelling (health futures) were carried out.

Health case study

This case study presents evidence of a monetised impact assessment of the impacts of heatwaves on human health in the county of Hampshire, Southern England. Specifically, we take the unusually warm conditions that existed in the UK in summer 2003 as an historical analogue of an event that is likely to become more frequent in the future under climate change.