Agricultural value of ENSO information under alternative phase definition

The El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) effect has been found to be associated with regional climate variations in many regions of the world, and, in turn, with variation in crop yields. Previous studies have found that early releases of ENSO phase information could permit agricultural producers to make adjustments in their decisions and in turn generate an increase in agricultural sector welfare. This study examines whether the value of the agricultural responses can be enhanced by releasing more detailed ENSO information.

Climate-smart smallholder agriculture: What’s different?

There is a growing consensus that climate change is transforming the context for rural development, changing physical and socio-economic landscapes and making smallholder development more expensive. But there is less consensus on how smallholder agriculture practices should change as a result. The paper proposes three major changes.

A Practical Framework for Planning Pro-Development Climate Policy

MCA4climate is a major new UNEP initiative providing practical assistance to governments in preparing their climate change mitigation and adaptation plans and strategies. It aims to help governments, particularly in developing countries, identify policies and measures that are low cost, environmentally effective and consistent with national development goals. It does this by providing a structured approach to assessing and prioritizing climate-policy options, while taking into consideration associated social, economic, environmental and institutional costs and benefits.

From Risk to Resilience: Working Paper 5: Uttar Pradesh Drought Cost-Benefit Analysis, India

The case study presented here analyzes the costs and benefits of alternative strategies for mitigating the impact of drought on rural livelihoods in Uttar Pradesh, India. The case study explores both insurance mechanisms for spreading drought risk and, as an alternative, the development of groundwater irrigation for eliminating such risk.

Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change

This report provides examples of the range of options currently available for adapting to climate variability and extremes in key climate-sensitive sectors, such as agriculture, energy, and transportation. Although these examples alone may not be sufficient for coping with future climate change, they offer a starting point for devising adaptation strategies. While the report provides a long list of options to be considered for various sectors.

Impacts of CGIAR Crop Improvement and Natural Resource Management Research: A Review of Evidence

This paper has examined the trends in funding and impacts of CGIAR research with a focus on distribution of economic benefits and sustainability of natural resources. The evidence has clearly shown that the impacts in terms of agricultural growth, poverty reduction and environmental protection continue to be impressive.

The effect of irrigiation technology on groundwater use

This article is a summary of ongoing work (Pfeiffer, 2009) where we take advantage of detailed data on groundwater extraction for irrigated agriculture in western Kansas (WIMAS) to build upon these studies. A large-scale shift from standard center pivot irrigation systems to “dropped nozzle” or “low energy precision application (LEPA)” center pivot irrigation systems has occurred in western Kansas in recent years.

Looking beyond the horizon: how climate change impacts and adaptation responses will reshape agriculture in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

The authors bring together the findings and recommendations generated through in-depth quantitative and qualitative analyses carried out in four ECA countries—Albania, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, and Uzbekistan—with important agricultural sectors that are being affected by climate change.

Crop Selection: Adapting to Climage Change in Africa

This paper examines whether the choice of crops is affected by climate in Africa. Using a multinomial logit model, the paper regresses crop choice on climate, soils, and other factors. The model is estimated using a sample of more than 7,000 farmers across 11 countries in Africa.

National Climate Change Action Plan 2013-2017. Executive Summary.

Climate change is the most serious global challenge of our time. The 2010 National Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCRS) recognised the importance of climate change impacts for Kenya’s development. This National Climate Change Action Plan developed in 2012 is the logical next step to enable Kenya to reduce vulnerability to climate change and to improve our country’s ability to take advantage of the opportunities that climate change offers.