Economic Aspects of adaptation to climate change: Integrated assessment modelling of adaptation costs and benefits

The report seeks to inform critical questions with regard to policy mixes of investments in adaptation and mitigation, and how they might vary over time. This is facilitated here by examining adaptation within global Integrated Assessment Modelling frameworks.

Fisheries Management Costs: Concepts and Studies

Few doubt the need for government intervention to manage the use of fisheries resources. The nature of access to fisheries resources means that intervention is required to provide for optimal economic performance and to meet environmental objectives. Management authorities therefore spend considerable funds to conduct stock research, make decisions and enforce those decisions. It is estimated that 36 per cent of all government financial transfers associated with fishery policies in OECD countries are for research, management and enforcement services.

Adaptation Options on Natural Ecosystems.

Thus it is very difficult to define a coherent operational adaptation strategy for natural ecosystems. The report tries the even more difficult, estimation of the financing needs for adaptation, although investment in current conservation can provide some guidelines as to costs and to financing opportunities.

Health Impact of Climate Change

Description of the relative direction, magnitude, and certainty of climate change-related health impacts and describe costs of interventions