On the economics of coastal adaptation solutions in an uncertain world.

The economics of adaptation to climate change relies heavily on comparisons of the benefits and costs of adaptation options that can range from changes in policy to implementing specific projects. Since these benefits are derived from damages avoided by any such adaptation, they are critically dependent on the specification of a baseline.

Economic aspects of global warming in a post-Copenhagen environment.

The present study examines alternative outcomes for emissions, climate change, and damages under different policy scenarios. It uses an updated version of the regional integrated model of climate and the economy (RICE model).

Ranking Port Cities with High Exposure and Vulnerability to Climate Extremes: Exposure Estimates

This global screening study makes a first estimate of the exposure of the world’s large port cities to coastal flooding due to storm surge and damage due to high winds. This assessment also investigates how climate change is likely to impact each port city’s exposure to coastal flooding by the 2070s, alongside subsidence and population growth and urbanisation.

The economics of adaptation along developed coastlines.

Sea-level rise (SLR) increases the risk of permanent inundation of coastal lands and structures, while also increasing the risk of periodic damage from storms and risks to ecological resources. Prior studies have illustrated the importance of considering adaptation measures, such as armoring and beach nourishment, when estimating the economic cost of SLR, but these studies have taken the form either of careful, geographically limited case studies or national estimates based on limited samples.

Climate change risks to US infrastructure: impacts on roads, bridges, coastal development, and urban drainage.

Changes in temperature, precipitation, sea level, and coastal storms will likely increase the vulnerability of infrastructure across the United States. Using four models that analyze vulnerability, impacts, and adaptation, this paper estimates impacts to roads, bridges, coastal properties, and urban drainage infrastructure and investigates sensitivity to varying greenhouse gas emission scenarios, climate sensitivities, and global climate models.

A global ranking of port cities with high exposure to climate extremes.

This paper presents a first estimate of the exposure of the world’s large port cities (population exceeding one million inhabitants in 2005) to coastal flooding due to sea-level rise and storm surge now and in the 2070s, taking into account scenarios of socio-economic and climate changes.

Strategies for Adaptation to Sea Level Rise.

This report represents the first survey on a global scale of adaptive options for coastal areas in response to a possible acceleration of sea level rise and the implications of these options. The report provides general information on options for a range of coastal areas which cover large continental states to small coastal islands.

Coastal Zones and Small Islands.

As part of the IPPC report the report describes the impacts of climate change for coastal areas and small islands. Furthermore, it discusses adaptation reponses.

Harnessing nature to help people adapt to climate change

Ongoing research since the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s 2007 assessment report underscores the urgent need for rapid progress on national and global adaptation efforts.

Setting priorities for adapting to climate change

This paper suggests criteria that can be used to help determine which measures should be implemented in advance of climate change, and of those measures, which should receive the highest priority.

Pages