Restoration of Mangrove Habitat

The note is providing general guideline on restoration of mangrove habitat.

Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change

This report provides examples of the range of options currently available for adapting to climate variability and extremes in key climate-sensitive sectors, such as agriculture, energy, and transportation. Although these examples alone may not be sufficient for coping with future climate change, they offer a starting point for devising adaptation strategies. While the report provides a long list of options to be considered for various sectors.

The effect of irrigiation technology on groundwater use

This article is a summary of ongoing work (Pfeiffer, 2009) where we take advantage of detailed data on groundwater extraction for irrigated agriculture in western Kansas (WIMAS) to build upon these studies. A large-scale shift from standard center pivot irrigation systems to “dropped nozzle” or “low energy precision application (LEPA)” center pivot irrigation systems has occurred in western Kansas in recent years.

Arguments for Protection: Natural Security: Protected areas and hazard mitigation.

This is the fifth volume in the WWF series of reports developed as part of the Arguments for Protection project which is assembling evidence on the social and economic benefits of protected areas to widen and strengthen support for park creation and management.

Background Paper on the Benefits and Costs of Early Warning Systems for Major Natural Hazards

This paper surveys the benefits and costs of early warning systems (EWS) for natural hazards, and discusses issues associated with the design and implementation of early warning systems to achieve these EWS benefits

The Costs of Adaptation to Climate Change in Canada: A Stratified Estimate by Sectors and Regions. Social Infrastructure.

The fundamental objective of this report was to collect the micro-level data in order to be able to estimate the costs of adaptation to climate change. For this purpose, a data collection protocol was established. On the basis of this protocol, questionnaires were sent out to determine climate impacts, current expenditures (both capital and operating), and other technical factors relevant to social infrastructure.

Costing Climate Impacts and Adaptation. A Canadian Study on Coastal Zones.

The two great threats to coastal zones are sea-level rise and larger and more-frequent storm surges, which can destroy property, erode coastal land, salinate aquifers, and permanently flood low-lying areas. A seminal 1998 study of the risk posed by sea-level rise found that one-third of all Canadian coastline has a moderate or high level of sensitivity, yet very little research exists quantifying the likely economic impacts.

Estimating future costs for Alaska public infrastructure at risk from climate change

This analysis reports on the projected cost of Alaska’s public infrastructure at risk from rapid climate change. Specifically, we coupled projections of future climate with engineering rules of thumb to estimate how thawing permafrost, increased flooding, and increased coastal erosion affect annualized replacement costs for nearly 16,000 structures.

Climate Change and Agriculture: Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation

The report refers to impacts of climate changes on agriculture, mitigation of greenhouse gases and adaptation responses.

Simplified guidelines for Social Cost-Benefit Analysis of Climate Change adaptation projects on a local scale

This guidance intends to build the capacity of local governments and NGOs to undertake such analyses, by presenting a simplified evaluative framework. It focuses primarily on climate change adaptation interventions, but can also be useful for appraising and evaluating development projects more broadly (e.g. health interventions, education programmes, etc.). This guidance follows a case-study approach whereby we present elements of our recent application of CBA to community-based adaptation in Niger in order to illustrate the process step-by-step.