Assessing future climate change and energy price scenarios: institutional building investment

As global temperaturesmayincrease due to climate change, sowould energy use forbuildingheating and cooling. Additionally, energy prices fluctuate in relation to climate change socio-economic impacts and related policies, which in turn further influence future building operational costs. A new method is presented to consider climate change and future energy price scenarios for institutional building owners to compare investment options for various energy conservation measures related to heating and cooling.

Measuring climatic impacts on energy consumption: A review of the empirical literature

This paper reviews the literature on the relationship between climate and the energy sector. In particular,we primarily discuss empirical papers published in peer-reviewed economics journals focusing on how climate affects energy expenditures and consumption. Climate will affect energy consumption by changing how consumers respond to short run weather shocks (the intensive margin) as well as how people will adapt in the long run (the extensivemargin).

The scope for adaptation to climate change : what can we learn from the impact literature?

Neither the costs nor the benefits of adaptation to climate change have been systematically studied so far. This paper discusses the extent to which the vast body of literature on climate change impacts can provide insights into the scope and likely cost of adaptation. The ways in which the impacts literature deals with adaptation can be grouped into four categories: no adaptation, arbitrary adaptation, observed adaptation (analogues), and modeled adaptation (optimization). All four cases are characterized by the simple assumptions made about the mechanisms of adaptation.

A Cost-Benefit Analysis of the New Orleans Flood Protection System

In the early stages of rebuilding New Orleans, a decision has to be made on the level of flood protection the city should implement. Such decisions are usually based on cost-benefit analyses. But in such an analysis, the results are contingent on a number of underlying assumptions and varying these assumptions can lead to different recommendations.

Review of risk based prioritization/decision making methodologies for dams

This position paper provides a review of literature applicable to risk based prioritization and decision making relative to the operations and maintenance of dams and associated navigational locks. Particular attention is paid to methodologies developed or used by USACE. Various multi attribute decision modeling and analysis methodologies are summarized and a method is proposed for use in a USACE case study that focuses on the Columbia—Snake River system in the NW District.

Safety of dams: flood and earthquake criteria

The Committee on Safety Criteria for Dams was requested to report on the selection of appropriate flood and earthquake occurrences to be considered in design of dams and safety evaluation of dams. This report represents a general consensus of the views and conclusions of the committee. Although the committee did not attempt to make the report a treatise on protecting dams from earthquakes and extreme floods, it did include background material to aid in understanding the bases for its findings and recommendations.

Assessment of climate change adaptation costs for the U.S. road network

The U.S. road network is one of the nation’s most important capital assets and is vital to the functioning of the U.S. economy. Maintaining this asset involves approximately $134 billion of government funds annually from Federal, State, and local agencies. Climate change may represent a risk or an opportunity to this network, as changes in climate stress will affect the resources necessary for both road maintenance and construction projects.

Agricultural value of ENSO information under alternative phase definition

The El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) effect has been found to be associated with regional climate variations in many regions of the world, and, in turn, with variation in crop yields. Previous studies have found that early releases of ENSO phase information could permit agricultural producers to make adjustments in their decisions and in turn generate an increase in agricultural sector welfare. This study examines whether the value of the agricultural responses can be enhanced by releasing more detailed ENSO information.

The Value of Coastal Wetlands for Hurricane Protection

The papers describes the interlinkage between damage costs by hurricanes in the US and loss of weatland.

Natural Solutions: Protected Areas helping people cope with climate change

Protected areas are an essential part of the global response to climate change.They can help society cope with climate change impacts by maintaining the essential ecosystem services upon which people depend. They are proven, “green” and cost-effective natural solutions to help address the climate crisis.