Flood risk reduction by the use of retention areas at the Elbe River

The paper presents research results on flood risk mitigation by the controlled flooding of a retention area on the middle reaches of the Elbe River. The retention area consists of six large polders and the floodplain of a tributary, the Havel, and is located near the Havel's confluence with the Elbe River. The total retention volume of both the polders and the Havel floodplain amounts to approximately 250 million m3. The controlled flooding of the retention area was simulated by the use of a conceptual model and assessed economically for two flood scenarios.

Effectiveness and efficiency of early warning systems for flash-floods (EWASE)

The issue addressed within the EWASE project centres on the assessment of the effectiveness and efficiency of Early Warning Systems (EWS) for medium sized river basins prone to flash floods. The approach pursued relates the concept of risk analysis to the evaluation of strategies for flood damage prevention through early warnings. For the assessment of EWS efficiency, the reliability of forecasts will be linked to the potential damage reduction - both as a function of forecast lead time.

Aportaciones desde la economía de la adaptación a la toma de decisiones sobre Cambio Climático: un ejemplo para la Comunidad Autónoma del País Vasco

As a consequence of Climate Change sea level rise as well as a change in the intensity and propensity of rain are expected in the Basque Country. Valuing the costs and benefits of adapting to these changes becomes an important piece of information for the planning process. This paper develops two methodological frameworks. The first one devoted to estimating the economic impacts to urban areas of an increase in the risk of flooding.

Optimal crop protection against climate risk in a dynamic cost-loss decision-making model

Extreme meteorological events have increased over the last decade and it is widely accepted that it is due to climate change. Some of these extremes like drought or frost episodes largely affect agricultural outputs that could face a serious decline. Therefore, additional efforts on technology and adaptation become crucial to reduce the effect of climate change on agricultural production.

Impacts of Climate Change and Seasonal Variability on Economic Treatment Costs: A Case Study of the Nitra River Basin, Slovakia

Analysis of climate change impacts upon water resources has focused primarily on water quantity issues. The impacts upon water quality and water quality management have had little attention. This paper presents a framework for assessing climate change impacts upon stream water quality and the management costs associated with adaptation to the new hydroclimatic conditions resulting in changes in stream flow and stream temperature. Water quality indicators as well as chemical and biological processes important to water quality are a function of stream temperature.

Adaptation to Climate Extremes in Developing Countries: The Role of Education

Global climate models predict a rise in extreme weather in the next century. To better understand future interactions among adaptation costs, socioeconomic development, and climate change in developing countries, observed losses of life from floods and droughts during 1960–2003 are modeled using three determinants: weather events, income per capita, and female education. The analysis reveals countries with high female education weathered extreme weather events better than countries with equivalent income and weather conditions.

Climate Amenities and Adaptation to Climate Change: A Hedonic-Travel Cost Approach for Europe

We investigate the impact of climatic change on welfare in European regions using a hedonic travel-cost framework and focusing on tourism demand. Our hedonic price estimations combine detailed hotel price information with tourism-specific travel cost estimations for each pair of EU region. This approach allows us to estimate different valuations of climate amenities depending on time duration of holidays. In our analysis of adaptation to climate change we therefore consider holiday duration as variable of adaptation.

Urban Environmental Health and Sensitive Populations: How Much are the Italians Willing to Pay to Reduce Their Risks?

We use contingent valuation to elicit WTP for a reduction in the risk of dying for cardiovascular and respiratory causes, the most important causes of premature mortality associated with heat wave and air pollution, among the Italian public. The purpose of this study is three-fold. First, we obtain WTP and VSL figures that can be applied when estimating the benefits of heat advisories, other policies that reduce the mortality effects of extreme heat, and environmental policies that reduce the risk of dying for cardiovascular and respiratory causes.

Property-level stormwater drainage systems: integrated flow simulation and whole-life costs.

Property-level stormwater drainage systems consist of roof drainage systems and those systems that connect buildings and their surrounding ground surfaces to main sewer networks, on-site rainwater harvesting or other capture systems. The design of these local systems has traditionally been based on simplistic approaches that fail to account for performance and integration. Given the extra demands associated with climate change, these limitations will take on increasing importance due to the potential for site-level flooding or water damage.

Give and take: How the funding of adaptation to climate change can improve the donor’s terms-of-trade.

This paper discusses the interplay between international trade, regional adaptation to climate change and financial transfers for funding adaptation. It combines insights from a theoretical model of North-to-South transfers with the findings of a calibrated dynamic multi-region multi-sector computable general equilibrium model that takes into account the impacts of climate change and the adaptation to it. Assessing the effects of adaptation funding indicates that funding of adaptation in developing regions can be Pareto-improving.