Improving public health responses to extreme weather/heat-waves – EuroHEAT

EuroHEAT, a project co-funded by the European Commission Directorate-General for Health and Consumers, aimed to improve public health responses to weather extremes and to heat-waves in particular. Climate change is projected to lead to an increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, including heat-waves. In the European cities analysed in the EuroHEAT project, the estimated excess mortality ranged from 7.6% to 33.6% during heat-wave episodes. Long and intense heat-waves have the most severe health effects.

Costs of Fisheries Management: The Cases of Iceland, Norway and Newfoundland

Taking it for granted that the purpose of fisheries management is to increase the flow of net economic benefits from the fishing activity, the costs of operating the fisheries management system itself are obviously among those that have to be subtracted to arrive at the net benefits of fishing. This means that the cost of management will, in general, influence the optimal management of the fishery. In spite of these rather obvious truths, the cost of fisheries management has hitherto received scant attention in the academic literature on fisheries economics.

The Costs to Developing Countries of Adapting to Climate Change: New Methods and Estimates

To shed light on adaptation costs—and with the global climate change negotiations resuming in December 2009 in Copenhagen—the Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change (EACC) study was initiated by the World Bank in early 2008, funded by the governments of the Netherlands, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. Its objectives are to develop an estimate of adaptation costs for developing countries and to help decision makers in developing countries understand and assess the risks posed by climate change and design better strategies to adapt to climate change.

A qualitative assessment of climate adaptation options and some estimates of adaptation costs

The aim of the current study is to provide a ‘qualitative assessment’ of the direct and indirect effects of adaptation options and to provide an assessment of some of the costs and benefits of adaptation options. The present report presents and summarizes the results of all phases of the study: an inventory of adaptation options, a qualitative assessment of the effects of the adaptation options for the Netherlands in the long run, a database which allows to rank the various options according to a set of criteria and a relative ranking on the basis of these criteria.