Climate-Smart Agriculture: A Synthesis of Empirical Evidence of Food Security and Mitigation Benefits from Improved Cropland Management

This paper synthesizes the results of a literature review reporting the evidence base of different sustainable land management practices aimed at increasing and stabilizing crop productivity in developing countries. It is shown that soil and climate characteristics are key to interpreting the impact on crop yields and mitigation of different agricultural practices and that technology options most promising for enhancing food security at smallholder level are also effective for increasing system resilience in dry areas and mitigating climate change in humid areas.

Costs and Benefits of Hazard Mitigation for Building and Infrastructure Development: A Case Study in Small Island Developing States

The purpose of this study is to examine the decision making process underlying the design and construction of these facilities, to determine whether the failures could have been prevented by appropriate design and construction principles and by effective use of hazard and vulnerability information in the planning of the project.

Advantages and Limitations of Benefit-Cost Analysis for Evaluating Investments in Natural Disaster Mitigation

Natural disasters and project analysis; Risk modified, benefit-cost analysis; empirical issues; disaster mitigation for an agricultural project in St. Lucia.

A Cost Effective Solution to Reduce Disaster Losses in Developing Countries: Hydro-Meteorological Services, Early Warning, and Evacuation

The paper starts by investigating benefits from early warning systems in Europe, in terms of saved lives and reduced disaster asset losses. It then uses this evaluation to estimate the potential benefits of providing similar services in developing countries. Section 2 then assesses the other economic benefits that could be derived from the same hydro-meteorological information that is needed for early warning. These benefits are linked to a better optimization of economic production, and can be estimated in Europe to serve as the basis for an estimate for developing countries.

Economic and health effects of increasing coverage of low-cost household drinking-water supply and sanitation interventions to countries off-track to meet MDG target 10

The aim of this study is to estimate the health impacts and economic costs and benefits of improving water supply and sanitation services, with a focus on the least developed countries that are “off-track” to meet the water supply and sanitation MDG targets

Climate Change Adaptation and Real Option Evaluation A Case Study in Campeche, Mexico

Report illustrates the application of Real Option Value approach to guide decision-making under high levels of uncertainty in Campeche, Mexico.