Applying cost benefit analysis at a community level. A review of its use for community based climate and disaster risk management

The aim of this report is to present a high-level review of recent studies that have field-tested CBA either to inform or evaluate community-based climate and disaster risk management ini-tiatives. This report updates a synthesis report (that was written in 2010 and included 11 original studies) and involved a desk-based review of a total of 23 studies.

Cost effectiveness analysis of strategies for child health in developing countries

To determine the costs and effectiveness of selected child health interventions—namely, case management of pneumonia, oral rehydration therapy, supplementation or fortification of staple foods with vitamin A or zinc, provision of supplementary food with counselling on nutrition, and immunisation against measles.

Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. Chapter 19: Diarrheal Diseases.

Diarrheal diseases remain a leading cause of preventable death, especially among children under five in developing countries. This chapter reviews and prioritizes a number of available interventions.

A Practical Framework for Planning Pro-Development Climate Policy

MCA4climate is a major new UNEP initiative providing practical assistance to governments in preparing their climate change mitigation and adaptation plans and strategies. It aims to help governments, particularly in developing countries, identify policies and measures that are low cost, environmentally effective and consistent with national development goals. It does this by providing a structured approach to assessing and prioritizing climate-policy options, while taking into consideration associated social, economic, environmental and institutional costs and benefits.

From Risk to Resilience: Working Paper 5: Uttar Pradesh Drought Cost-Benefit Analysis, India

The case study presented here analyzes the costs and benefits of alternative strategies for mitigating the impact of drought on rural livelihoods in Uttar Pradesh, India. The case study explores both insurance mechanisms for spreading drought risk and, as an alternative, the development of groundwater irrigation for eliminating such risk.

Impacts of CGIAR Crop Improvement and Natural Resource Management Research: A Review of Evidence

This paper has examined the trends in funding and impacts of CGIAR research with a focus on distribution of economic benefits and sustainability of natural resources. The evidence has clearly shown that the impacts in terms of agricultural growth, poverty reduction and environmental protection continue to be impressive.

The Role of Environmental Management and eco-engineering in Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation

This report by ProAct Network and Gaia Group reviews a growing body of evidence that sound environmental management has a potentially important role to play in reducing many of the risks posed by natural hazards. Many ecosystems – if they are intact and/or well managed – act as natural, dynamic barriers that absorb the force of certain hazards, protect vulnerable communities and their assets while at the same time preserve local biodiversity and encourage ecological productivity. Natural ecosystems thus play an important protective and productive role in many instances.

Arguments for Protection: Natural Security: Protected areas and hazard mitigation.

This is the fifth volume in the WWF series of reports developed as part of the Arguments for Protection project which is assembling evidence on the social and economic benefits of protected areas to widen and strengthen support for park creation and management.

Looking beyond the horizon: how climate change impacts and adaptation responses will reshape agriculture in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

The authors bring together the findings and recommendations generated through in-depth quantitative and qualitative analyses carried out in four ECA countries—Albania, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, and Uzbekistan—with important agricultural sectors that are being affected by climate change.

Background Paper on the Benefits and Costs of Early Warning Systems for Major Natural Hazards

This paper surveys the benefits and costs of early warning systems (EWS) for natural hazards, and discusses issues associated with the design and implementation of early warning systems to achieve these EWS benefits