Costing climate change adaptation in agriculture: A case study of smallscale maize production in Malawi

This adaptation is inevitable and will add a cost to the national economy and households. To successfully calculate this there is a need for proper planning and costing of adaptation strategies at household, community and national level. Currently, the exact costs of adaptation are not yet known hence this study was undertaken to investigate what adaptation measures are currently available in the maize subsector in Chikhwawa District in the Lower Shire Valley of Malawi and how much it will cost at household, community and national level to continue to carry out such activities.

Simplified guidelines for Social Cost-Benefit Analysis of Climate Change adaptation projects on a local scale

This guidance intends to build the capacity of local governments and NGOs to undertake such analyses, by presenting a simplified evaluative framework. It focuses primarily on climate change adaptation interventions, but can also be useful for appraising and evaluating development projects more broadly (e.g. health interventions, education programmes, etc.). This guidance follows a case-study approach whereby we present elements of our recent application of CBA to community-based adaptation in Niger in order to illustrate the process step-by-step.

A Summary of Climate Change Impact Assessments from the U.S. Country Studies Program.

Forty-nine countries participating in the U.S. Country Studies Program (USCSP) assessed climate change impacts in one or more of eight sectors: coastal resources, agriculture, grasslands/livestock, water resources, forests, fisheries, wildlife, and health. The studies were generally limited to analysis of first order biophysical effects, e.g., coastal inundation, crop yield, and runoff changes. There were some limited studies of adaptation. We review and synthesize the results of the impact assessments conducted under the USCSP.

Economic aspects of global warming in a post-Copenhagen environment.

The present study examines alternative outcomes for emissions, climate change, and damages under different policy scenarios. It uses an updated version of the regional integrated model of climate and the economy (RICE model).

Ranking Port Cities with High Exposure and Vulnerability to Climate Extremes: Exposure Estimates

This global screening study makes a first estimate of the exposure of the world’s large port cities to coastal flooding due to storm surge and damage due to high winds. This assessment also investigates how climate change is likely to impact each port city’s exposure to coastal flooding by the 2070s, alongside subsidence and population growth and urbanisation.

A global ranking of port cities with high exposure to climate extremes.

This paper presents a first estimate of the exposure of the world’s large port cities (population exceeding one million inhabitants in 2005) to coastal flooding due to sea-level rise and storm surge now and in the 2070s, taking into account scenarios of socio-economic and climate changes.

Strategies for Adaptation to Sea Level Rise.

This report represents the first survey on a global scale of adaptive options for coastal areas in response to a possible acceleration of sea level rise and the implications of these options. The report provides general information on options for a range of coastal areas which cover large continental states to small coastal islands.

Coastal Zones and Small Islands.

As part of the IPPC report the report describes the impacts of climate change for coastal areas and small islands. Furthermore, it discusses adaptation reponses.

Spending Adaptation Money Wisely

This paper seeks to move the focus of the debate back towards the substance of adaptation by asking what “good adaptation” in developing countries would look like.

Adaptation Investments: A Resource Allocation Framework

This paper discusses how adaptation funding may be allocated among developing countries in a transparent, efficient and equitable way.