Sea level rise (SLR) due to climate change will increase storm surge height along the 825 km long coastline of Metro Boston, USA. Land at risk consists of urban waterfront with piers and armoring, residential areas with and without seawalls and revetments, and undeveloped land with either rock coasts or gently sloping beachfront and low-lying coastal marshes. Risk-based analysis shows that the cumulative 100 year economic impacts on developed areas from increased storm surge flooding depend heavily upon the adaptation response, location, and estimated sea level rise. Generally it is found that it is advantageous to use expensive structural protection in areas that are highly developed and less structural approaches such as floodproofing and limiting or removing development in less developed or environmentally sensitive areas.

Author names: 
Kirshen, P.
Knee, K.
Ruth, M.

Kirshen, P.; Knee, K.; Ruth, M. (2008). Climate change and coastal flooding in Metro Boston: impacts and adaptation strategies. Climatic Change, 90(4), 453–473. doi:10.1007/s10584-008-9398-9

Geographical area: 
Policy areas considered: 
Climate risks considered: