Using China as a case study, a methodology is presented to estimate the changes in yields and costs of present and future water production systems under climate change scenarios. Yield is important to consider because it measures the actual supply available from a river basin. Costs are incurred in enhancing the natural yield of river basins by the construction and operation of reservoirs and ground water pumping systems. The interaction of ground and surface waters within a river basin and instream flow maintenance are also modeled. The water demands considered are domestic, irrigation, and instream flow needs. We found that under climate change the maximum yields of some basins in China may increase or decrease, depending upon location, and that in some basins it may cost significantly more or it may not be possible to meet the demands. While our results for China could be improved with more hydrologic and economic data, we believe that the cost curves developed have suitable accuracy for initial analysis of water supply costs in Integrated Assessment Models.

Author names: 
Kirshen, P.
McCluskey, M.
Vogel, R.
Strzepek, K.

Kirshen, P.; McCluskey, M.; Vogel, R.; Strzepek, K. (2005). Global analysis of changes in water supply yields and costs under climate change: a case study in China. In: Climatic Change 68(3): 303–330.

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