Adaptation Inspiration Book: 22 implemented cases of local climate change adaptation to inspire European citizens

To show the progress in Europe on adaptation to climate change and to showcase inspirational and daring adaptation projects ERANET CIRCLE-2 works on a bold and visual inspiration book with good practices of implementation of adaptation strategies and projects in Europe. While most people may have a rough comprehension of climate change, the phrase adaptation often invites only raised eyebrows. What is adaptation? How do you define it and what does it look like?

Ranking sources of uncertain-ty in flood damage modelling: a case study on the cost-benefit analysis of a flood mitigation project in the Orb Delta, France.

Cost-benefit analyses (CBA) of flood management plans usually require estimating expected annual flood damages on a study area, and rely on a complex modelling chain including hydrological, hydraulic and economic modelling as well as GIS-based spatial analysis. As most model-based assessments, these CBA are fraught with uncertainty. In this paper, we consider as a case-study the CBA of a set of flood-control structural measures on the Orb Delta, France.

Cities and flooding. A guide to integrated urban flood risk management for the 21st Century

The guide serves as a primer for decision and policy makers, technical specialists, central, regional and local government officials, and concerned stakeholders in the community sector, civil society and non-governmental organizations, and the private sector. The Guide embodies the state-of-the art on integrated urban flood risk management. The Guide starts with a summary for policy makers which outlines and describes the key areas which policy makers need to be knowledgeable about to create policy directions and an integrated strategic approach for urban flood risk management.

Exchange of experiences and comparative analysis of Integrated Coastal Management (OURCOAST)

The Ourcoast-Database includes case studies that reflect successful examples of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) approach and tools applied throughout the European Member States. For the case studies, the following questions have been applied: where, why, how and involving whom has the ICZM approach or tools been applied, but also what were their main results and which were the main successful and failure factors affecting the implementation.

Avalanche hazard mitigation strategies assessed by cost effectiveness analyses and cost benefit analyses ¬– Evidence from Davos, Switzerland

This paper demonstrates the application of cost effectiveness analysis and cost benefit analysis to alternative avalanche risk reduction strategies in Davos, Switzerland. The advantages as well as limitations of such analysis for natural hazards planning are discussed with respect to 16 avalanche risk reduction strategies. Scenarios include risk reduction measures that represent the main approaches to natural hazards planning in Switzerland, such as technical, organisational, and land use planning measures.

Urban flood protection post-project appraisal in England and Wales

Post-project appraisals were carried out for flood protection projects completed during 1960–1987 in six locations in England and Wales. The methodology focused on assessing the implications of new hydrological-hydraulic analyses of flood risks, and of urban land use changes. With hindsight, four of the projects showed higher economic returns than expected, but not all of these were subject to a pre-scheme benefit-cost analysis.

Benefits of local structural protection to mitigate torrent-related hazards.

The increasing land-use activities in European mountain regions have led to a considerable threat of natural hazards such as flash floods and debris flows in areas used for settlement purposes and economic activities. To mitigate associated losses, traditional protective measures, including check dams and retention basins, were commonly implemented by public authorities. However, due to the scarceness of public funds, efficient protection alternatives have to be developed to reduce future expenditures.

Effectiveness and efficiency of early warning systems for flash-floods (EWASE)

The issue addressed within the EWASE project centres on the assessment of the effectiveness and efficiency of Early Warning Systems (EWS) for medium sized river basins prone to flash floods. The approach pursued relates the concept of risk analysis to the evaluation of strategies for flood damage prevention through early warnings. For the assessment of EWS efficiency, the reliability of forecasts will be linked to the potential damage reduction - both as a function of forecast lead time.

Awareness as an Adaptation Strategy for Reducing Mortality from Heat Waves: Evidence from a Disaster Risk Management Program in India

Heat waves, defined as an interval of abnormally hot and humid weather, have been a prominent killer in recent years. With heat waves worsening with climate change, adaptation is essential; one strategy has been to issue heat wave warnings and undertake awareness campaigns to bring about behavioral changes to reduce heat stroke. Since 2002, the Indian state of Odisha has been undertaking a grassroots awareness campaign on “dos and don’ts” during heat wave conditions through the Disaster Risk Management (DRM) program.

Socioeconomic Vulnerability and Adaptation to Environmental Risk: A Case Study of Climate Change and Flooding in Bangladesh

In this article we investigate the complex relationship between environmental risk, poverty, and vulnerability in a case study carried out in one of the poorest and most flood-prone countries in the world, focusing on household and community vulnerability and adaptive coping mechanisms. Based upon the steadily growing amount of literature in this field we develop and test our own analytical model.