Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation: Quantify the Cost of Impacts and Adaptation

The aim of this project is to advance knowledge of the costs of climate change in the UK, by generating initial estimates of the welfare effects associated with specific impacts occurring under a range of climate change and socioeconomic scenarios for the UK. To the extent possible, it also indicates how and where the burden of these welfare affects may fall. In order to generate robust results, that will facilicate adaptation assessment, a primarily bottom-up approach based on local, regional and national case studies in a range of key impact sectors is adopted.

Benefits of local structural protection to mitigate torrent-related hazards.

The increasing land-use activities in European mountain regions have led to a considerable threat of natural hazards such as flash floods and debris flows in areas used for settlement purposes and economic activities. To mitigate associated losses, traditional protective measures, including check dams and retention basins, were commonly implemented by public authorities. However, due to the scarceness of public funds, efficient protection alternatives have to be developed to reduce future expenditures.

Möglichkeiten zur Minderung des Hochwasserrisikos durch Nutzung von Flutpoldern an Havel und Oder

With respect to the enormous damages floods have caused in Central Europe in the last few years (Odra 1997, Elbe 2002), the use of detention areas for reducing flood risk is of high importance in modern flood management. By the controlled flooding of sparsely populated areas with low damage potential the risk for downstream areas with higher vulnerability can be reduced. The report presents the results of a research project funded by the German Federal Ministry of Research.

Flood risk reduction by the use of retention areas at the Elbe River

The paper presents research results on flood risk mitigation by the controlled flooding of a retention area on the middle reaches of the Elbe River. The retention area consists of six large polders and the floodplain of a tributary, the Havel, and is located near the Havel's confluence with the Elbe River. The total retention volume of both the polders and the Havel floodplain amounts to approximately 250 million m3. The controlled flooding of the retention area was simulated by the use of a conceptual model and assessed economically for two flood scenarios.

Effectiveness and efficiency of early warning systems for flash-floods (EWASE)

The issue addressed within the EWASE project centres on the assessment of the effectiveness and efficiency of Early Warning Systems (EWS) for medium sized river basins prone to flash floods. The approach pursued relates the concept of risk analysis to the evaluation of strategies for flood damage prevention through early warnings. For the assessment of EWS efficiency, the reliability of forecasts will be linked to the potential damage reduction - both as a function of forecast lead time.

Adaptation to Flooding in Urban Areas: An Economic Primer

New Orleans and Bangkok are vivid examples of major urban areas recently affected by massive inundations of floodwaters. The pending effects of climate change may exacerbate this problem; yet, local decision makers lack a clear and consistent framework for analyzing the costs and benefits of alternative modes of adaptation. This article offers a primer on the economic analysis of three distinct modes of adaptation, with a view to assist planners in determining the best course of action for their respective cities.

Aportaciones desde la economía de la adaptación a la toma de decisiones sobre Cambio Climático: un ejemplo para la Comunidad Autónoma del País Vasco

As a consequence of Climate Change sea level rise as well as a change in the intensity and propensity of rain are expected in the Basque Country. Valuing the costs and benefits of adapting to these changes becomes an important piece of information for the planning process. This paper develops two methodological frameworks. The first one devoted to estimating the economic impacts to urban areas of an increase in the risk of flooding.

Socioeconomic Vulnerability and Adaptation to Environmental Risk: A Case Study of Climate Change and Flooding in Bangladesh

In this article we investigate the complex relationship between environmental risk, poverty, and vulnerability in a case study carried out in one of the poorest and most flood-prone countries in the world, focusing on household and community vulnerability and adaptive coping mechanisms. Based upon the steadily growing amount of literature in this field we develop and test our own analytical model.

Adaptation to Climate Extremes in Developing Countries: The Role of Education

Global climate models predict a rise in extreme weather in the next century. To better understand future interactions among adaptation costs, socioeconomic development, and climate change in developing countries, observed losses of life from floods and droughts during 1960–2003 are modeled using three determinants: weather events, income per capita, and female education. The analysis reveals countries with high female education weathered extreme weather events better than countries with equivalent income and weather conditions.

Climate Change, Adaptation and China’s Grain Production

This paper measures the economic impacts of climate change on China's grain production by using provincial time series data over a 32-year period. The panel data model and time series region model with/without adaptation are applied at the same time to assess the effectiveness of a common production function. To capture the effects of weather variables we employ a random coefficients model where the production elasticities are the logarithmic function on temperature and rainfall. A Cobb–Douglas production function with additional interaction between inputs and climate variables is applied.